• Richa Shetty

What is Weather? How is it Different from Climate?


Weather is the state of the atmosphere at any given period of time. The atmosphere is made up of the gases, like oxygen, that surround the Earth. Weather includes several different factors that we can measure. In layman term, Weather is the mix of events that happen each day in our atmosphere.

  • Weather is different in different parts of the world and changes over minutes, hours, days, and weeks. Most weather happens in the troposphere, the part of Earth’s atmosphere that is closest to the ground.

  • Most weather forecasts will tell us what the temperature will be if it's going to rain or snow, and whether it will be cloudy or sunny. Those factors combine together to make the weather.

  • Weather, as most commonly defined, occurs in the troposphere, the lowest region of the atmosphere that extends from the Earth’s surface to 6–8 km (4–5 miles) at the poles and to about 17 km (11 miles) at the Equator.

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What is the Difference Between Weather and Climate?:

Weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates. To describe the climate of a place, we say what the temperatures are like during different seasons, how windy it usually is, or how much rain or snow typically falls. When scientists talk about climate, they're often looking at averages of precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind, and other measures of weather that occur over a long period in a particular place.


The main difference between these two terms is the duration, where the weather is the day-to-day or short term condition of the changes in the atmosphere, and climate is the averaged weather condition of a particular place over a long time, about 30 years. Most of us check the local weather forecast to plan our days. And climate change is certainly a “hot” topic in the news.

Like for instance, we talk about the weather in terms of “hot it will be today?” “Will it rain or not”? Or “What about the snowstorm this week”?. There is, however, still a lot of confusion over the difference between the two. (Weather and Climate)

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  • Think about it this way: Climate is what you expect, the weather is what you get.

  • Weather is what you see outside on any particular day. So, for example, it may be 75° degrees and sunny or it could be 20° degrees with heavy snow. That’s the weather.

  • Climate is the average of that weather. For example, you can expect snow in the Northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. This is the climate.

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Conclusion:

The climate record also includes extreme values such as record high temperatures or record amounts of rainfall. If you’ve ever heard your local weather person say “today we hit a record high for this day,” she is talking about climate records. So when we are talking about climate change, we are talking about changes in long-term averages of daily weather. In most places, weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. Climate, however, is the average of weather over time and space.

  • The weather changing patterns and global climate changes, it is uncertain to say that whether the sudden change in the weather of any particular day was the effects of climate change, though the pattern changes can be predicted.


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